Welcome to Interactive Maps/GIS.
- The Mississippi River would be an example of a locational boundary dispute due to the fact that it has changed and the boundary's original intention was called into question.
- A boundary dispute can arise at any time but ordinarily they come to light following a recent property purchase by one party that causes that party or its neighbour to question the boundary line or possibly following the construction of a new boundary wall or fence.
In general, every boundary dispute can be classified in one of four ways: positional (also definitional), territorial (also locational), allocational (also resource), or operational (also functional). This classification gives insight to the reason for the dispute. Definitions of Maritime boundary, synonyms, antonyms, derivatives of Maritime boundary, analogical dictionary of Maritime boundary (English). Jeu casino reel.
What is GIS?
A Geographic Information System (GIS) is a computerized mapping system used to assemble, store, manipulate, update, analyze and display geographically referenced data. GIS allows the user to visualize, question, analyze, interpret, and understand data to reveal relationships, patterns and trends.
What Do We Do?
We are responsible for the coordination, support and maintenance of the Town of Palm Beach’s Enterprise GIS System. We currently maintain over 265 plus geographical data layers and provide information to pivotal mission critical databases. Develop and provide solutions that take advantage of the implementation and functionality from GIS methods and spatial modeling. Manage GIS Technology, provide map production, and provide technical assistance, consulting, guidance, and training town-wide. The Town of Palm Beach is committed to facilitating the sharing of geographical spatial data to our departments, contractors, customers and other local government agencies via local data sharing agreements.
GIS will continue to be a vital component for Town-wide government use in providing resources to management, development, planning and the decision-making process.
The Town now provides public access to map information via online pbGIS interactive maps. To access the Interactive Maps, Please read the following disclaimer and click Accept
Welcome to the Town of Palm Beach Internet Interactive Maps/GIS Portal
The maps are graphic representation of the Town of Palm Beach and should only be used for illustrative purposes only. In no way should the maps be used to settle any boundary dispute or locational conflict. The accuracy is not to be taken and/or used as data produced for engineering purpose data produced by a Registered Professional Land Surveyor for the State of Florida. For survey level of accuracy, supervision and certification of the produced data by a Registered Professional Land Surveyor for the State of Florida would have to be performed.
Your use of the Internet Mapping Portal constitutes acceptance of the terms above of the Town’s Internet Site Use.
There are hundreds of disputes between states today that derive from disagreements over shared boundaries or territory that each claims. These disputes arise for many reasons, but the desire for territorial expansion, irredentism, an historic lack of cartographic precision, or disagreements over formal, written documents are common causes.
In general, every boundary dispute can be classified in one of four ways: positional (also definitional), territorial (also locational), allocational (also resource), or operational (also functional). This classification gives insight to the reason for the dispute.
Positional disputes are often also referred to as definitional disputes because the two parties hold differing interpretations of the written description (or definition) of the boundary. These written documents, often treaties, might include language that each state interprets differently, especially if there are ambiguous or poorly worded phrases.
For example: In 1825, Britain and Russia signed a treaty to establish territorial claims in what today is Alaska. The treaty stated: “the said line shall ascend to the north along the channel called Portland Channel as far as the point of the continent where it strikes the 56th degree of north latitude; from this last-mentioned point, the line of demarcation shall follow the summit of the mountains situated parallel to the coast as far as the point of intersection of the 141st degree of west longitude.” The vague phrase about the mountains, was further clarified, but it remained indefinite. When the US acquired Alaska in 1867 from Britain, it inherited the dispute. It was partially resolved in 1903, but affected US-Canadian and US-British relations for decades.
While territorial may sound the same as positional, it is not. In the case of border disputes, a locational dispute is not over the written definition or treaty that established the border. Rather, these disputes most often occur when the border is physical, such as along a river or in mountains. Many of these borders were set when precision in those regions was not considered critical for clarification. In other cases, the physical border may have changed over time, such as a river changing course. In such an instance, the river border, as written in the definition, is not disputed, but the location has changed and land that once belonged to one state might now be claimed by the neighboring state.
For example: The border between Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo was always considered the River Semliki. However, since 1960, the rate of mountain glacier melt has increased and the river’s course has changed many times. Satellite imagery reveals over 100 changes and widened considerably in that time. In turn, some towns that were once Ugandan and now Congolese and vice versa. The changing location only became one of concern and dispute when the area containing oil was affected by the changing course.
Locational Boundary Example
While the Semliki river example clearly demonstrates a locational dispute, the dispute could evolve to be a resource one, as well. In allocational disputes, states disagree about the rights to or proportionate distribution (allocation) of natural resources in the border region. These disputes are almost always the mineral, oil, natural gas, or water resources that do not coincide with human-created political borders.
For example: The massive Rumaila oil field lies beneath Iraq, with a small section underlying Kuwait. It is of incredible significance to Iraq, as it is considered the third largest field in the world. In the years leading up to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait in 1990, Saddam Hussein accused Kuwait of producing more oil than treaties established, alleging that Kuwait was slant-drilling into Rumaila to drill for oil under Iraq. This claim was used to justify Iraq’s military attack in August 1990.
Operational (or functional) disputes arise when two states disagree about the official management of the border. People and goods cross borders, for both good and malicious reasons. In order to protect the security and economic interests of the state, the government must actively manage its borders. Disputes may be related to the erection and maintenance or border markers, fences, or walls; immigration policies and border control; and cross-border transportation of goods, both legal and illegal.
Locational Boundary Dispute
For example: The US and Mexico are in regular communication because of disagreements about the shared responsibility of controlling the massive, shared border. The daily exchange of illegal drugs in both directions is the source of one such dispute. Both states agree it is a shared responsibility to stem the flow of the illicit products. However, the two regularly disagree over the specific strategies to employ and degree of financial responsibility of each government. Complicating the issue is that both the US and Mexico are federal states, so each US border state and each Mexican border state are involved in the border’s operation.
As is clearly evident, there are many potential sources of conflict along international borders. Some of these disputes cause little harm and are rarely discussed between the states. However, some current disputes are the source of daily violence and the loss of life.